Multiple Choice Cloze

Index

For questions 1- 8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. EXAM DESCRIPTION

The Netherlands

Welcome to the Netherlands, a tiny country that only extends, at its broadest, 312 km north to south, and 264 km east to west - (1) ... the land area increases slightly each year as a (2) ... of continuous land reclamation and drainage. With a lot of heart and much to offer, 'Holland,' as it is (3) ... known to most of us abroad - a name stemming (4) ... its once most prominent provinces - has more going on per kilometre than most countries, and more English-speaking natives. You'll be impressed by its (5) ... cities and charmed by its countryside and villages, full of contrasts. From the exciting variety (6) ... offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat tour in Amsterdam, a Royal Tour by coach in The Hague, or a hydrofoil tour around the biggest harbour in the world - Rotterdam. In season you could visit the dazzling bulb fields, enjoy a full day on a boat, or take a bike tour through the pancake-flat countryside spiced with windmills. The possibilities are countless and the nationwide tourist office, which is on hand to give you information and (7) ... reservations. You'll have (8) ... language problems here, as the Dutch are true linguists and English is spoken here almost universally.

  1. A) so B) despite C) in spite of D) although
  2. A) whole B) consequently C) rule D) result
  3. A) regularly B) occasionally C) commonly D) unusually
  4. A) in B) from C) on D) of
  5. A) historic B) historical C) historically D) historian
  6. A) at B) in C) on D) for
  7. A) sit B) catch C) do D) make
  8. A) few B) a few C) little D) a little

Answers

englishrevealed

CORRECT!

GAP 1 ... 264 km east to west - although the land area increases slightly ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ INCREASES is a verb

ALTHOUGH must be followed by a verb and makes sense in this sentence!

INCORECT!

GAP 1 ... 264 km east to west - (1) ... the land area increases slightly ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ INCREASES is a verb

SO is also followed by a verb, but wouldn't make sense in this sentence!

INCORRECT!

GAP 1 ... 264 km east to west - (1) ... the land area increases slightly ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ INCREASES is a verb

DESPITE must be followed by a noun!

INCORRECT!

GAP 1 ... 264 km east to west - (1) ... the land area increases slightly ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ INCREASES is a verb

IN SPITE OF must be followed by a noun!

CORRECT!

GAP 2 ... slightly each year as a result of continuous land reclamation and ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ AS A RESULT OF => DUE TO, BECAUSE OF

AS A RESULT OF means DUE TO or BECAUSE OF.

INCORECT!

GAP 2 ... each year as a (2) ... of continuous land reclamation and ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ AS A CONSEQUENTLY OF => does not exist!

AS A CONSEQUENTLY OF => we don't say 'as a consequently of' but we say 'as a consequence of'!

INCORRECT!

GAP 2 ... each year as a (2) ... of continuous land reclamation and ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ AS A RULE => USUALLY

AS A RULE means USUALLY!

INCORRECT!

GAP 2 ... each year as a (2) ... of continuous land reclamation and ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ AS A WHOLE => AS ONE THING

AS A WHOLE means AS ONE THING!

CORRECT!

GAP 3 ... 'Holland,' as it is commonly known to most of us ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ COMMONLY + KNOWN => COLLOCATION

COMMONLY collocates with KNOWN.

INCORECT!

GAP 3 ... 'Holland,' as it is (3) ... known to most of us ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ OCCASIONALLY does not collocate with KNOWN!

OCCASIONALLY does not collocate with KNOWN.

INCORRECT!

GAP 3 ... 'Holland,' as it is (3) ... known to most of us ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ REGULARLY does not collocate with KNOWN!

REGULARLY does not collocate with KNOWN.

INCORRECT!

GAP 3 ... 'Holland,' as it is (3) ... known to most of us ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ UNUSUALLY does not collocate with KNOWN!

UNUSUALLY does not collocate with KNOWN.

CORRECT!

GAP 4 ... of us abroad - a name stemming from its once most prominent ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ STEM + FROM => VERB + PREPOSITION

STEM FROM => to be caused by, to come from (something or someone).

INCORECT!

GAP 4 ... of us abroad - a name stemming (4) ... its once most prominent ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ STEM + PREPOSITION

Do you know which preposition must be used after 'stem'?

INCORRECT!

GAP 4 ... of us abroad - a name stemming (4) ... its once most prominent ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ STEM + PREPOSITION

Do you know which preposition must be used after 'stem'?

INCORRECT!

GAP 4 ... of us abroad - a name stemming (4) ... its once most prominent ... ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ STEM + PREPOSITION

Do you know which preposition must be used after 'stem'?

CORRECT!

GAP 5 ... impressed by its historic cities and charmed by its countryside ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ HISTORIC => important or influential in history.

HISTORIC => something important or influential in history.

INCORECT!

GAP 5 ... impressed by its (5) ... cities and charmed by its countryside ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ HISTORICAL => does not fit the context.

HISTORICAL => refers to anything from the past, important or not.

INCORRECT!

GAP 5 ... impressed by its (5) ... cities and charmed by its countryside ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ HISTORICALLY is an adverb!

HISTORICALLY => is an adverb and cannot be used before a noun!

INCORRECT!

GAP 5 ... impressed by its (5) ... cities and charmed by its countryside ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ HISTORIAN is a noun!

HISTORIAN => is a noun and cannot be used before another noun.

CORRECT!

GAP 6 ... exciting variety on offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat ... ↑_ _↑ ON + OFFER => FIXED PHRASE

ON OFFER for sale, often cheaply.

INCORECT!

GAP 6 ... exciting variety (6) ... offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat ... ↑_ _ _↑ PREPOSITION + OFFER => FIXED PHRASE

IN does not collocate with OFFER!

INCORRECT!

GAP 6 ... exciting variety (6) ... offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat ... ↑_ _ _↑ PREPOSITION + OFFER => FIXED PHRASE

AT does not collocate with OFFER!

INCORRECT!

GAP 6 ... exciting variety (6) ... offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat ... ↑_ _ _↑ PREPOSITION + OFFER => FIXED PHRASE

FOR does not collocate with OFFER!

CORRECT!

GAP 7 ... you information and make reservations. You'll have ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ MAKE + RESERVATIONS => COLLOCATION

MAKE A RESERVATION when you arrange to have something such as a seat on an aircraft or a table at a restaurant kept for you.

INCORECT!

GAP 7 ... you information and (7) ... reservations. You'll have ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ SIT + RESERVATIONS => makes no sense!

SIT does not collocate with RESERVATION.

INCORRECT!

GAP 7 ... you information and (7) ... reservations. You'll have ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ CATCH + RESERVATIONS => makes no sense!

CATCH does not collocate with RESERVATION.

INCORRECT!

GAP 7 ... you information and (7) ... reservations. You'll have ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ DO + RESERVATIONS => makes no sense!

DO does not collocate with RESERVATION.

CORRECT!

GAP 8 ... You'll have few language problems here, as the Dutch are ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ FEW => NOT MANY

FEW is used with plural nouns and a plural verb to mean 'not many'.

INCORECT!

GAP 8 ... You'll have (8) ... language problems here, as the Dutch are ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ A FEW => SOME, A SMALL NUMBER

A FEW means 'some, a small number'. It wouldn't make sense here!

INCORRECT!

GAP 8 ... You'll have (8) ... language problems here, as the Dutch are ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ LITTLE is used with UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS!

LITTLE is always used with 'uncountable nouns'!

INCORRECT!

GAP 8 ... You'll have (8) ... language problems here, as the Dutch are ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ LITTLE is used with UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS!

A LITTLE is always used with 'uncountable nouns'!

Multiple Choice Cloze

Task Type: Multiple-choice cloze.
Focus: Lexical/lexico-grammatical.
Format: A modified cloze test containing 8 gaps and followed by 8 four-option multiple-choice items.
Number of questions: 8.
How many marks are there: One mark for each correct answer.
What is testing: General Advice: