Open Cloze

Index
For questions 1-8, read the text below and think of the word which fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. EXAM DESCRIPTION

Gutenberg

Before Gutenberg (1394 – 1468), all books had to be copied by hand. The so-called ‘manuscripts’ of medieval times were laboriously hand-written, usually by monks (1) ... devoted years (2) ... the work. Earlier attempts had been made to produce printing ‘blocks’. The designs on playing cards (3) ... example were carved from wooden blocks which were inked and then printed onto cards. There are even examples of whole pages in books being hand carved and printed. Gutenberg however came up with the idea of printing using, not whole page blocks, but letter blocks. (4) ... he was a goldsmith (5) ... trade, he knew how to mould metal into whatever shape was needed. He made thousands of tiny blocks of ‘type’, (6) ... with a letter raised on it, which could be lined up and clamped into position in a ‘forme’ (page block). The type could be linked, paper laid on top, and the whole thing compressed by turning a handle. When released, the paper had the page printed on it. Years of work went into this invention. Gutenberg (7) ... to make the letters, develop an ink which would cling to metal (most didn’t), build the forme, and above (8) ... find the money to do all this while not working as a goldsmith.

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Answers

englishrevealed

CORRECT!

GAP 1 ... hand-written, usually by monks who devoted years to the work ... ↑_ _ _↑ WHO => RELATIVE PRONOUN

WHO => used to show which person or people you mean.

CORRECT!

GAP 1 ... hand-written, usually by monks that devoted years to the work ... ↑_ _ _↑ THAT => RELATIVE PRONOUN

THAT => used to show which person or people you mean.

HINT!

GAP 1 ... hand-written, usually by monks (1) ... devoted years to the work ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ You will need to use a RELATIVE PRONOUN

Which relative pronoun are you going to use?

CORRECT!

GAP 2 ... usually by monks who devoted years to are now extinct, or no ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _↑ DEVOTE + TO => VERB + PREPOSITION

DEVOTE sth TO sth => to give up your time, money etc. to something.

HINT!

GAP 2 ... by monks who devoted years (2) ... are now extinct, or no ... ↑_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _↑ VERB + PREPOSITION

Do you know which preposition collocates with devote?

CORRECT!

GAP 3 ... on playing cards for example were carved from wooden blocks which ... ↑_ _ _↑ FOR + EXAMPLE => FIXED PHRASE

FOR EXAMPLE => used to give an example of what you are saying.

HINT!

GAP 3 ... on playing cards (3) ... example were carved from wooden blocks ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ PREPOSITION + EXAMPLE => FIXED PHRASE

Which preposition collocates with example?

CORRECT!

GAP 4 ... but letter blocks. Because he was a goldsmith by trade, he knew how ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ BECAUSE + SUBJECT + VERB

BECAUSE => (CONJUNCTION), used when you are giving the reason for sth.

HINT!

GAP 4 ... but letter blocks. (4) ... he was a goldsmith by trade, he knew how ↑_ _ _ _ _↑ CONJUNCTION + SUBJECT + VERB

You need to use a conjunction that means 'for the reason that'.

CORRECT!

GAP 5 ... he was a goldsmith by trade, he knew how to mould metal into ... ↑_ _↑ BY + TRADE => FIXED PHRASE

BY TRADE => by profession.

HINT!

GAP 5 ... he was a goldsmith (5) ... trade, he knew how to mould metal into ... ↑_ _ _ _↑ PREPOSITION + TRADE => FIXED PHRASE

Which preposition collocates with trade?

CORRECT!

GAP 6 ... of tiny blocks of 'type', each with a letter raised on it, which could be ... ↑_ _ _ _ EACH => DETERMINER

EACH => every one of two or more things or people, considered separately.

HINT!

GAP 6 ... of tiny blocks of 'type', (6) ... with a letter raised on it, which could be ... ↑_ _ _ _ DETERMINER

Which determiner are you going to use in this gap?

CORRECT!

GAP 7 ... this invention. Gutenberg had to make the letters, develop an ink which ... ↑_ _↑ HAD + TO => MODAL VERB

HAD TO => the past participle of 'have to'.

HINT!

GAP 7 ... this invention. Gutenberg (7) ... to make the letters, develop an ink ... ↑_ _↑ Which MODAL VERB is followed by TO?

You will need to use a modal verb here!

CORRECT!

GAP 8 ... build the forme, and above all find the money to do all this while not ... ↑_ _ _↑ ABOVE + ALL => IDIOM

ABOVE ALL => most important of all; especially.

HINT!

GAP 8 ... build the forme, and above (8) ... find the money to do all this while not ... ↑_ _ _↑ ABOVE + ADVERB => IDIOM

You need an idiom that means 'most important of all; especially'.

FCE Part 2 - Open Cloze

Task Type: Open cloze.
Focus: Grammatical/lexico-grammatical.
Format: A modified cloze test containing 8 gaps.
Number of questions: 8.
How many marks are there: One mark for each correct answer.
What is testing: General Advice: