Word Formation

Index
For questions 1- 8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. EXAM DESCRIPTION

About Fish and Aquariums

There are more than 200,000 species of fish inhabiting many (1) ... waters. New species of fish are discovered every year. From the deepest part of the seas thousands of feet down in total (2) ..., to the beautiful aqua-blue waters of the coral reefs, to the streams, lakes, and ponds of freshwater found throughout the world, fish have adapted an incredible variety of life-forms, styles, and (3) ... . The group of aquatic animals we call fishes has evolved for over 400 million years to be the most (4) ... and diverse of the major vertebrate groups. Forty-one percent of the world's fish species inhabit only fresh water. This is pretty (5) ... considering that fresh water covers only 1 percent of the world's surface. As you probably already know salt water covers 70 percent of the earth's surface. So the number and (6) ... of fresh water species to marine or saltwater species is all the more mind-boggling. While they inhabit the smallest amount of water, they have, in fact, adapted to a much (7) ... range of habitats and to a greater variety of water conditions. Let's take a closer look at the unique adaptations of fish that have allowed them to live so (8) ... in the medium we call water.

1) DIFFER
2) DARK
3) BEHAVE
4) NUMBER
5) AMAZE
6) VARY
7) WIDE
8) SUCCESS

Test Answers!

englishrevealed

CORRECT!

GAP 1 ... inhabiting many different waters. New species of fish are discovered ... ↑_ _ _ _ DIFFER => DIFFERENT | VERB => ADJECTIVE

DIFFERENT => DIFFER + ENT.

HINT!

GAP 1 ... inhabiting many (1) ... waters. New species of fish are discovered ... ↑_ _ _ _ VERB => ADJECTIVE

You will need an adjective in this gap.

CORRECT!

GAP 2 ... of feet down in total darkness to the beautiful aqua-blue waters of the ... ↑_ _ _ _ DARK => DARKNESS | VERB => NOUN

DARKNESS => DARK + NESS.

HINT!

GAP 2 ... of feet down in total (2) ... to the beautiful aqua-blue waters of the ... ↑_ _ _ _ VERB => NOUN

You need to form a noun in this gap?

CORRECT!

GAP 3 ... life-forms, styles, and behaviours. The group of aquatic animals we ... ↑_ _ _ _ BEHAVE => BEHAVIOURS | VERB => NOUN

BEHAVIOURS => BEHAVI + OUR

HINT!

GAP 3 ... life-forms, styles, and (3) .... The group of aquatic animals we call ... ↑_ _ _ _ VERB => NOUN

Is the word going to be singular or plural?

CORRECT!

GAP 4 ... years to be the most numerous and diverse of the major vertebrate ... ↑_ _ _ _ NUMBER => NUMEROUS | NOUN => ADJECTIVE

NUMEROUS => NUM + EROUS.

HINT!

GAP 4 ... years to be the most (4) ... and diverse of the major vertebrate ... ↑_ _ _ _ NOUN => ADJECTIVE

What kind of word is needed here?

CORRECT!

GAP 5 ... water. This is pretty amazing considering that fresh water covers only ... ↑_ _ _ _ AMAZE => AMAZING | VERB => ADJECTIVE

AMAZING => AMAZ + ING

HINT!

GAP 5 ... water. This is pretty (5) ... considering that fresh water covers only ... ↑_ _ _ _ VERB => ADJECTIVE

You need to form an adjective in this gap.

CORRECT!

GAP 6 ... the number and variety of fresh water species to marine or saltwater ... ↑_ _ _ _ VARY => VARIETY | VERB => NOUN

VARIETY => VARI + ETY

HINT!

GAP 6 ... the number and (6) ... of fresh water species to marine or saltwater ... ↑_ _ _ _ VERB => NOUN

A noun is required in this gap!

CORRECT!

GAP 7 ... adapted to a much wider range of habitats and to a greater variety of ... ↑_ _ _ _ WIDE => WIDER | ADJECTIVE => ADJECTIVE

WIDER => WIDE + R

HINT!

GAP 7 ... adapted to a much (7) ... range of habitats and to a greater variety of ... ↑_ _ _ _ ADJECTIVE => ADJECTIVE

What is the comparative form of 'wide'?

CORRECT!

GAP 8 ... them to live so successfully in the medium we call water ... ↑_ _ _ _ SUCCESS => SUCCESSFULLY | NOUN => ADVERB

SUCCESSFULLY => SUCCESS + FUL + LY

HINT!

GAP 8 ... them to live so (8) ... in the medium we call water ... ↑_ _ _ _ NOUN => ADVERB

What is the adverb form of 'success'?

Exam Description