Key Word Transformations

Index

For questions 1-6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. EXAM DESCRIPTION

1) It wasn't Mark that you met in the shop.
HAVE
It
Mark that you met in the shop.
2) She was just going to have her breakfast when the phone rang.
ABOUT
She was just
breakfast when the phone rang.
3) Steve didn't manage to complete his work.
FAILED
Steve
his work.
4) How long has she been studying English?
BEGIN
When
studying English?
5) George wrote his last novel five years ago.
WAS
It
George wrote his last novel.
6) Nobody took any notice of his bad behaviour.
ATTENTION
Nobody
his bad behaviour.

Test Answers!

englishrevealed

CORRECT!

NEGATIVE LOGICAL ASSUMPTION
COULDN'T + HAVE + BEEN

CORRECT!

NEGATIVE LOGICAL ASSUMPTION
COULD + NOT + HAVE + BEEN

CORRECT!

NEGATIVE LOGICAL ASSUMPTION
CAN'T + HAVE + BEEN

HINT!

This refers to the speaker's certainty about a past action. You need to use a modal verb.

CORRECT!

IDIOM
ABOUT + TO + HAVE + HER

HINT!

Which expression comes here? If someone 'is about to do something' they will do it very soon.

CORRECT!

VERB + INFINITIVE (VERB PATTERN)
FAILED + TO + INFINITIVE

HINT!

Is the keyword followed by a gerund or infinitive?

CORRECT!

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINOUS => PAST SIMPLE
WHEN + PAST SIMPLE (QUESTION)

HINT!

You need to use the past simple here.

CORRECT!

CLEFT SENTENCE
WAS + FIVE + YEARS + AGO + WHEN

CORRECT!

CLEFT SENTENCE
WAS + FIVE + YEARS + AGO + THAT

HINT!

Be careful here. This is a cleft sentence!

CORRECT!

IDIOM
PAID + ANY + ATTENTION + TO

CORRECT!

IDIOM
PAID + ATTENTION + TO

HINT!

This is an idiom. Do you know which verb should be used before 'attention'?

WARNING!

TURN OFF YOUR CAPSLOCK!

Use of English - Part 4