CAE Multiple Choice Cloze

Index
For questions 1- 8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. EXAM DESCRIPTION

The Microscope

An important invention in the development of science and medicine was the microscope. It was (1) ... the principle that light could be “(2) ... ” or bent, by a glass lens. It was soon discovered that tiny objects could be magnified (3) ... size when viewed through a glass lens that had been ground and polished in a specific (4) ... . Although the principle was known to the Chinese as early as 1000 A.D, it was not until the 13th and 14th centuries in Europe (5) ... it was put to practical use in the form of eyeglasses. In Europe the first microscope was invented by brothers Zacharias and Hans Janssen, two Dutch eyeglass-makers, around 1590. They built a “compound” microscope, so called because of its two lenses. The most significant development and use of the microscope during this period, however, belongs to another Dutch optician, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723). Born in Delft, Holland, he became skilled at (6) ... very sharp and accurate magnifying lenses. Some of his single-lens microscopes were able to magnify up the three hundred times (7) ... size, and around 1660 he began serious study using these instruments. He was the first to discover bacteria and other microscopic organisms, calling these tiny creatures “animalcules”. (8) ... to this discovery, very small creatures such as fleas and maggots were thought to “spontaneously generate” from a single source, such as rotting meat in the case of maggots.

  1. A) based upon B) based by C) based in D) based at
  2. A) refracted B) retracted C) retorted D) retraced
  3. A) by B) on C) in D) with
  4. A) procedure B) manner C) fashion D) character
  5. A) when B) than C) then D) that
  6. A) granting B) grinding C) scraping D) rubbing
  7. A) present B) substantial C) actual D) current
  8. A) According B) Due C) Owing D) Prior

ANSWERS


BASED UPON
VERB + PREPOSITION BASE UPON
To use something as the thing from which something else is developed:
An opinion should be based upon facts, not guesses.

REFRACTED
VERB REFRACT
If glass or water refracts light, the light changes direction when it passes through the glass or water:
Light is refracted when passed through a prism.

IN
PHRASE IN SIZE
How big or small something is:
They didn't have the boots in my size.

THROUGH
COLLOCATION VIEW STH THROUGH
To look at something, especially when you look carefully: The eclipse should only be viewed through a special lens.
MANNER
IDIOM IN A MANNER
The way in which something is done or happens:
She greeted me in a friendly manner.

THAT
IDIOM IT WAS NOT UNTIL + PAST SIMPLE + THAT
Used to emphasize that something does not happen before a certain point in time or before something else has happened:
It was not until midnight that I finally decided to go home.

PUT
IDIOM PUT TO (PRACTICAL) USE
To be able to use something for a purpose, and get an advantage from doing so: Students put class work to practical use.
HOWEVER
ADVERB HOWEVER
Used to introduce a statement that contrasts with something that has just been said: He was feeling bad. He went to work, however, and tried to concentrate.
GRINDING
VERB GRIND
To make something smooth or sharp by rubbing it on a hard surface or by using a machine:
I need a special stone for grinding knives.

ACTUAL
ADJECTIVE ACTUAL
Used to emphasize that something is real or exact:
The actual cost was higher than we expected.

PRIOR
PHRASE PRIOR TO
Before something:
All the arrangements should be completed prior to your departure.
CASE
IDIOM IN THE CASE OF
Regarding, in the matter of, in that instance: In the case of George, they decided to promote him to the next grade .
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